Prepositional Phrase Complements When is a prepositional phrase a complement? A prepositional phrase is considered a complement when it is closely linked to the main verb of a sentence. Sometimes, a verb needs to be followed by a prepositional phrase to make complete sense. For instance, if I say "I had," it makes… Continue reading Grammatical Functions: Prepositional Phrase Complements
Predicative Complements What is a predicative complement? A predicative complement completes the meaning of a sentence by giving information about a noun. Predicative complements follow linking verbs -- verbs which do not denote an action but rather connect a noun to information about the noun. Most commonly, linking verbs are forms of be… Continue reading Grammatical Functions: Predicative Complements
Objects of Sentences Predicates (the topic of the previous article in this series), aside from the mandatory verb, can have two other components -- complements and adjuncts. This article discusses objects, which are a type of complement. What is a complement? A complement is a word or phrase that gives a sentence… Continue reading Grammatical Functions: Objects
Predicates of Sentences This short article in the Grammatical Functions series introduces the predicate. Subsequent articles in this series will discuss different kinds of predicates in detail. What is a predicate? Perhaps the best definition of a predicate is that a predicate is everything in a sentence that is not the subject.… Continue reading Grammatical Functions: Predicates
Subjects of Sentences This is the first part of a series of articles that will discuss different grammatical functions (a.k.a. grammatical roles) that words assume within sentences. A grammatical function is what it sounds like -- a word's grammatical function is the role (or purpose) that a word serves to give its sentence an… Continue reading Grammatical Functions: Subjects
Should I Use "Allude" or "Refer?" Some writers use allude and refer as if they mean the same thing. While their meanings are similar, they are not identical. To allude to something means to hint at something or suggest something indirectly, whereas to refer to something means to point to something directly. The following illustration should… Continue reading “Allude” or “Refer?
The Interjection Interjection Definition An interjection is a word that does not carry any grammatical meaning, but merely expresses a reaction of some kind. Adding an interjection to a phrase does not alter the meaning of the phrase, nor does removing an interjection from a phrase. Words such as oh, uh, wow, and yikes… Continue reading Parts of Speech: Interjections